International Journal of Electronics Communication and Computer Engineering
ISSN(Online): 2249 - 071X, www.ijecce.org, Submissions open
Evaluation of Minjingu Organic Hyper Phosphateon Yield and Yield Components of Teff (EragrostisTeff)on Acidic Soil of Tsegede Highland, Northern Ethiopia
- Research areas:
- Type of Publication:
- Acid Soil, Minjingu Organic Hyper Phosphate, Lime, Recommended NP, Teff, Tsegede
- Gebremedhin Berhe; Birhane Hailu
- A field experiment was carried out during 2012/13 on acidic soils of Tsegede highlands, northern Ethiopia, where Teff production is severely constrained by soil acidity, to evaluate Teff crop response to Minjingu organic hyper phosphate fertilizer with Four treatments (Control (No fertilizer), recommended N+ 150 kg/ha Minjingu organic hyper phosphate fertilizer, Recommended N&P, Recommended NP + recommended lime were arranged in RCBD deign with three replications. Soil samples were collected before planting and analyzed for selected physicochemical properties which revealed that textural classes was sandy loam and the pH, Exchangeable aluminum and Exchangeable Acid as very strong acid and toxic for plant growth. The total percentage of organic matter, Nitrogen and Cation Exchange capacity (CEC) were as high while very low in available phosphorus. All Yield and yield attributes of wheat showed significant (P ≤ 0.05) response to treatments. Highest grain (924.8 kg/ha), straw yield (2459.4 kg/ha) and harvest index (27.4%) were recorded from plots treated with Recommended N&P + recommended lime followed by the Recommended N&P and the Recommended Nitrogen from urea+150kg/ha Minjingu organic hyper phosphate. while the lowest plant height, Grain yield, straw yield and harvest index was recorded at the control (38.86cm),(299.13 kg/ha, 1023.1 kg/ha &22.6 %) respectively. This indicates that liming is important precondition in reclaiming of this acid problem so as to make other nutrients to be available to the plants in the area. And Minjingu organic hyper phosphate can use as an option in maximizing the Teff production in the area as sources of phosphorus fertilizer in addition to the DAP and TSP. This Minjingu organic hyper phosphate might be better this if it would help with lime in the acid soils of the area and similar climate and soil conditions. Hence uncontrolled land encroachment in the low land areas can minimize as a result of making productive of these farmlands. The rate of Minjingu organic hyper phosphate along with lime, Plant uptake and marginal Rate of return should be studied.