International Journal of Electronics Communication and Computer Engineering
ISSN(Online): 2249 - 071X, www.ijecce.org, Submissions open
Preference, Purpose, and Pattern of Eucalyptus tree Farming in Eza Wereda, Ethiopia
- Research areas:
- Type of Publication:
- Eucalyptus Tree Farming, Land Use Competition, Homestead Plantation, Roadside Plantation, Farmland Plantation, Gully Side, Degraded Land Plantations
- Belay Zerga; Abreham Berta
- The study assessed eucalyptus tree farming practices in three selected KPAs (Kebele Peasant Administrations) namely, Zigba Boto (kolla), Shebraden (woinadega) and Koter Gedra (dega). In this study both primary and secondary data were employed. Purposive systematic sampling procedure was used to select the three agro-ecological areas of the wereda. In each selected KPAs 180 households were selected by using purposive systematic sampling techniques. Direct observations, discussions with key informants and focus groups were undertaken by the researcher. The required data were also collected using schedule through structured open and close-ended questionnaires. In Eza wereda eucalyptus farming is becoming an emergent and accelerating activity by small land holders. As reported by respondents, each sample KPA’s households at least has 100 eucalyptus trees. Needless to say eucalyptus is multipurpose tree and the farmers know this very well. Eucalyptus is becoming everything to the small land holders. According to focus group discussions with DAs (Development Agents) in Koter Gedra KPA, farmers’ reason for the initiation of planting eucalyptus tree was due to shortage of fuel wood supply particularly in dega areas which were known for fuel wood supply deficit before the adoption of growing eucalyptus plantation. After observing the benefits of pioneer farmers in planting eucalyptus trees, other farmers decided to grow the same. During data collection all farmers showed clear understanding of the dramatic expansion of eucalyptus as a result of population pressure and so as to fulfill fuel wood, construction and marketing demands. Thus, the current eucalyptus land holding size of the area further substantiates Boserupian Theory, that is the general trend of “more people more trees” situation.