Studies on Conventional Vegetative Propagation of Enset (Ensete Ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman)

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Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Enset Ensete Ventricosum propagation, corms and corm pieces size, corm position, sun exposure and sucker numbers
Authors:
Taye Buke; Bizuayehu Tesfaye; Demelash Kefale
Journal:
IJRIES
Volume:
3
Number:
2
Pages:
23-29
Month:
March
ISSN:
2394-1375
Abstract:
A field study was conducted on ‘enset’ propagation in 2006/2007 at Humbo, Wolayta. The experiments of this study were executed with the objectives of determining size of whole corms and corm pieces, position and sun exposure of corms for better sucker production. Five whole corm sizes (0.75, 3, 7, 11and15 kg), five bigger (0.8,1.75, 2.3, 3.5 and 4.6) and three smaller (0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 kg) corm pieces, three corm piece positions (lower, middle and top) of horizontal cut, and four sun treated (0, 1, 2 and 3 days) half corm pieces were used. There were significant (pant variations among corms and corm pieces in the number of suckers formed, with whole corms, corms with 7 and 3 kg weights scored the highest number of suckers. With corm pieces, those with 3.5, 4.6, and1.75 kg sizes scored the highest sucker numbers. Compared for whole corms, corm pieces gave the greatest overall number of suckers. II. The size of corms and corm pieces had a significant effect on leaf width and leaf length; and sucker height, pseudostem length leaf width, leaf length and leaf number respectively. III. The position of the corm from which pieces were taken affected their regeneration capacity. Corm pieces from the apical end of the corm were able to regenerate. IV. Sun exposure had significant effect on sucker number but no significant effect on corm sizes.

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