On-Farm Phenotypic Characterization of Begait Goat and Their Production System in Western Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

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Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Begait goat, body measurement, characterization, phenotypic, qualitative traits, quantitative traits and production system
Authors:
Gebrekiros Hagos; Kefelegn Kebede; Banerjee A. K.; Zinabu Wolde
Journal:
IJRIES
Volume:
3
Number:
1
Pages:
15-20
Month:
January
ISSN:
2394-1375
Abstract:
The study was conducted in Kafta Humera and Setit Humera districts in Western zone of Tigray Regional State, Ethiopia with the objective to characterize phenotypic of Begait goats and their production system. A total of 615 Begait goats (78males and 537females) were measured and observed for characterization of phenotypic traits for this, 180 households were interviewed for characterization of their production system. Data were collected through structured and semi-structured questionnaire. The sampled goats were identified by sex, age and districts. Based on dentition, four groups of age classification that have more than one pairs of permanent incisors (1PPI, 2PPI, 3PPI and >4PPI) were used to evaluate the quantitative variables. Flock structure showed that Begait goat composed of large numbers of female Begait goats (87.32%). They reached sexual maturity at about 6-8 months of age and give birth for the first time at about 12-18 months of age with a kidding interval of about 8-12 months. Twining ability was the main preferable trait to select Begait goats (57%) in Kafta Humera and (59%) in Setit Humera. The production system of the study area was totally extensive. The dominant goat colors of Begai goats were white (40.33%) and white-black (35.12%). 100% Begait goats had dropping ear and 99.52 % of Begait goats were horned. About 97.24% of Begait goats have long hairs. Sex of the animal had significant effect in all body measurements. Age had significant effect on all body measurements. Correlation coefficient was consistently highest between body weight and heart girth in male 0.96 and in female 0.89 among the sampled goat population. The result of thestudy show that the number of Begait goats is decreasing due to lack of attention in the study area, so that all concerned organization and farmers should conserve them for more benefit of farmer in the future.

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