National Carbon Audit to Promote Carbon Neutrality-Empirical Evidence from Local Auditing Authorities

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Research areas:
Year:
2022
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Carbon Neutrality, Environmental Audit, Carbon Audit, Carbon Peaking, Low-Carbon Economy
Authors:
Minsheng Luo; Yufei Li; Yiyang Huang; Zhehao Zhou
Journal:
IJRIES
Volume:
9
Number:
6
Pages:
12-22
Month:
November
ISSN:
2394-1375
BibTex:
Abstract:
In mid-September 2020, the Chinese government proposed at the 75th session of the United Nations General Assembly that “China will increase its national contribution: adopt more vigorous policies and measures, strive to peak CO2 emissions by 2030, and strive to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.” Since then, “carbon peaking” and “carbon neutrality” have rapidly become hot topics of research in China’s economic and environmental aspects. The successful launch of China’s carbon emissions trading market and the inclusion of the power sector in the national carbon market, which means the arrival of a “low-carbon economy”, has led to fresh challenges and considerations for environmental auditing, and has led to a new branch of the field-carbon auditing. The call for a low-carbon economy has grown louder globally as carbon rights have been traded. A growing number of countries are actively promoting related energy saving and emission reduction projects to closely control the growth of carbon emissions, and companies are also preparing to gradually achieve relevant carbon reduction targets set by governments under government supervision. Based on the analysis of the current problems in promoting carbon audits in China, we will summarize and learn from the experiences of carbon audits in different regions with historical experience, and introduce a carbon audit process adapted to national audit norms based on scientific experimental data. It is also very beneficial to China’s current plans mentioned in the 14th Five-Year Plan.